L’intégrabilité et l’aléatoire en physique mathématique
For 50 years, integrability has continuously staked claims in an ever-growing range of applications in mathematics and in physics. The modern theory of integrable systems grew up around the study of the Korteweg de Vries (KdV) equation, with origins in the seminal work of Kruskal and Zabusky about the recurrence behavior of solutions, the discovery of the Lax pair, multi-soliton solutions and infinite number of conservation laws. In later surprising connections, integrable systems like the KdV equation and the Toda lattice were proven to appear in fundamental combinatorial models, in random matrices and the geometry of moduli spaces. Discoveries from integrable systems have substantially influenced a number of areas of mathematical physics. Here is a short list of relevant examples:
In general, integrability provides the route to an explicit description of behavior and phenomena that turns out to be ubiquitous in nonlinear systems. This statement is particularly true in the theory of nonlinear PDEs where the typical behavior of integrable PDEs is canonical far beyond the integrable examples.
We expect that the themes of the semester will be, by its very nature, intertwined with a very wide swath of mathematical and scientific domains:
Physics: interacting particle systems and their interpretations in terms of interface growth models and directed polymers provide key predictions within non-equilibrium statistical mechanics. Random matrices are a basic tool, arising in various areas including statistical mechanics, spin-glasses, and quantum dynamics.
CHAIR > Prof. Tamara Grava
Tamara Grava lectures at SISSA, Italy and at Bristol University in the UK. Her research interests focus on the theory of integrable systems in mathematical physics and applied mathematics, and in particular on highly oscillatory Hamiltonian Partial Differential Equations, emergence of singular solutions from smooth initial data, numerical treatment ; Theta functions of Riemann surfaces and non-linear waves ; and on Riemann-Hilbert problems, special functions and orthogonal polynomials.
LOCAL PROJECT LEADER > Prof. Alexander Bufetov
Alexander Bufetov works for CNRS and is a member of the I2M department at Aix-Marseille University. His research interests lie in ergodic theory and dynamical systems. He is the Principal Investigator of the ERC Consolidator programme for the « IChaos » project. Bufetov was awarded the Prize of the Moscow Mathematical Society in 2005, the Sloan Fellowship and the Grant of the President of the Russian Federation in 2010 and the IUM-Simons Foundation Fellowship in 2011. Alexander Bufetov was also awarded the Sofia Kovalevskaya Prize from the Academy of Sciences of Russia on June 21st, 2016.